Treatment for Ovarian Cancer
There are various treatment methods for ovarian cancer and the type of treatment used will depend on the type of ovarian cancer, when it was diagnosed, and how much it has spread to other parts of the body. Most often a combination of treatments will be used. Your doctor or specialist will determine the best individual course of treatment and can help to explain the risk and benefits of each type.
Types of Treatment for Ovarian Cancer
Diagnosis Methods for Ovarian Cancer
- both ovaries and fallopian tubes (salpingo-oophorectomy)
- the uterus (hysterectomy)
- the omentum (the thin, fatty pad of tissue that covers the intestines)
If you do decide to go with this method, talk to your doctor about what to expect after the operation and any steps that can be taken beforehand to possibly preserve your ability to conceive. A laparoscopy is another less invasive method where the doctor inserts a small lighted tool (a laparoscope) through a small incision in the abdomen, removing benign cysts or early forms of ovarian cancer, with or without the use of robotic assistance
- IV (by vein): The drugs are delivered via a thin tube directly into the bloodstream.
- Intraperitoneal (IP): Similar to IV delivery, and often used in addition to IV delivery, IP Chemotherapy involves a small tube directly inserted into the abdomen, bathing the tumor in medication
- Mouth: Some drugs, specifically for certain types of fallopian tube cancer can be ingested through the mouth.
Side Effects of Chemotherapy:Because chemotherapy often destroys healthy cells along with cancer cells, there are certain side effects to expect when using chemotherapy to treat ovarian cancer. These include, but are not limited to:
- Hair loss
- Skin and nail changes
- Swelling due to fluid retention
- Changes in appetite
Go over potential side effects and what to expect with your doctor. These side effects often cease once treatment is over. Radiation: Rarely used to treat ovarian cancer, radiation is sometimes used a means of combating pain and involves high energy rays, similar to X-Rays, delivered to affected parts of the body via a large machine at the hospital or treatment center. Each treatment only takes a few minutes.